Today in History – July 13, 2006 – AI@50 celebrated the fifty year anniversay of the coining of “artificial intelligence” at Dartmouth. John McCarthy, in Dartmouth’s mathematics department in 1956, chose the name to make it clear that the objective of this new scientific field was to simulate human intelligence. Fifty years later, the 2006 conference at Dartmouth commemorates those pioneering efforts by examining AI’s present status and its future. The major goal of AI@50 was to “define and measure future prospects for AI in society that is increasingly served by computer intellect”.
An historic gathering on July 12, just before the conference, honored the five surviving founders of AI. A plaque commemorating the original Dartmouth Summer Research Project on Artificial Intelligence that created AI as a research discipline in 1956 was presented to John McCarthy, Marvin Minsky, Oliver Selfridge, Ray Solomonoff, and Trenchard More.
Of course, credit must be given to the original inspiration – Alan Turing and his 1950 publication “Computing Machinery and Intelligence“, Mind, 59, 1950, pp. 433-460.
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